Movements & Schools

Poetic Movements & Schools (English-language)

from Nineteenth Century to Twenty-first Century (Selected) with Glossary of Poetic Terms, Introduction & Poets/Poems


Modernist Poetry

The Imagists

The Objectivists

The Harlem Renaissance

Surrealist Poetry

The Beat Generation

The Confessionalists

The New York School

The Black Mountain Poets

The San Francisco Renaissance

The Language Poets

Conceptual Poetry

Flarf Poetry



Literary Terms and Glossary

Basic Terms

connotation, denotation, figurative meaning, literal meaning, rhyme

Figurative Language

apostrophe, hyperbole, metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, pun, synecdoche

 Poetic Devices

alliteration, allusion, assonance, elision, imagery, irony, onomatopoeia, symbol, synethesia,

Poetic Forms

open/closed form, stanza, blank verse, free verse, couplet, heroic couplet, quatrain, sonnet, Shakespearean sonnet (English), Petrarchan sonnet (Italian)


 anapestic/anapest, dactylic/dactyl, falling meter, iambic/iamb, iambic pentameter, pause, rising meter, spondee, stress, trochaic/trochee,

[ from

Learn More:
A Poet’s Glossary by Edward Hirsch; Glossary of Poetic Terms from Bob’s Byway; Poetic Forms and Terms [PoetryOutLoud]; Poetic Terms []; Glossary Terms [PoetryFoundation]


  • Phonetics – the study of the sounds of speech; includes understanding how sounds are made using the mouth, nose, teeth and tongue, how the ear hears those sounds
  • Phonology – the use of the phonetics in order to see how sounds or signs are arranged in a system for each language
  • Morphology – the study of how individual words are formed from smaller chunks of meaningful units called morphemes; how the words are put together
  • Syntax – the study of how phrases, clauses and sentences are constructed and combined in particular languages; involves both the order of words and the form of words in their various possible positions
  • Discourse analysis – looking at bigger chunks of language—texts, conversations, stories, speeches, etc.
  • Semantics – the study of meaning; focuses on relation between words, phrases and other bits of language and on how these words and phrases connect to the world
  • Pragmatics – the study of how speakers of a language use the language to communicate and accomplish what they want; focuses more on the relationship between speaker and listener and the way context contributes to meaning
  • Sociolinguistics – the study of society and language; examining in which contexts a language is used and the attitudes to each language; looking at ways that variation in a particular language correlates with social factors such as speaker age, ethnic identity, location etc.
  • Semiotics – the study of signsLinguistics: the study of language

(Reference materials and links: Linguistics: Definition ; Semiotics: Introduction ; Glossary of Linguistic Terms : A to Z)


A. Modern Art Movements

Realism (C.1850-1880)

Impressionism (C.1867-1886)

Symbolism (C.1885-1910)

Post-Impressionism (C.1885-1905)

Art Nouveau (C.1890-1910)

Fauvism (C.1990-1907)

Expressionism (C.1905-1925)

Cubism (C.1908-1914)

Futurism (C.1909-1916)

Suprematism (1915-1916)

Dada (C.1916-19 22)

De Stijl (C.1917-1931)

Constructivism (C.1919-1934)

Art Deco (C.1920-1930)

Surrealism (C.1920-1940)

Abstract Expressionism (C.1946-1960)


B. Postmodern Art Movements


Pop Art

Op Art

Performance Art


Conceptual Art

Feminist Art

Installation Art

Computer Art



Land Art

Graffiti Art

Art Photography




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