Philosophers

 

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
• Biography (SEPIEPRoutledge)
• The False Subtlety of the Four Syllogistic Figures
• Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime
Critique of Pure Reason (Adelaide)
• Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
Critique of Practical Reason (Adelaide)
Critique of Judgment (Adelaide)


George W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
• Biography (PB, SEP, IEP)
Phenomenology of Spirit/Mind (Adelaide, MIA)
Science of Logic (MIA)
Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (MIA)
 Science of Logic
Philosophy of Nature (MIA)
Philosophy of Mind/Spirit (MIA)
• selections from Lectures on Aesthetics (GWFHegel)
Philosophy of Right (MIA)
Philosophy of History (MIA)
History of Philosophy (GWFHegel)


Karl Marx (1818-1883)
• Biography (SEPHistoryGuide)
• The Communist Manifesto (johnstonia)
• The Marxist Index
– Marx and Engel’s Writings (EServer)
– Marx/Engels Library (Marxist Internet Archive)


Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
• Biography (SEPIEP, philosophers.co.uk)
• The Birth of Tragedy (johnstonia)
• The Joyful Wisdom (aka The Gay Science) (Adelaide)
• Thus Spake Zarathustra (Adelaide)
• Beyond Good and Evil (johnstonia)
• On the Genealogy of Morals (johnstonia)
• On the Use and Abuse of History of Life (johnstonia)


Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
• Biography (SS, IEP)
Studies on Hysteria (Archive)
The Interpretation of Dreams (Adelaide)
Dream Psychology: Psychoanalysis for Beginners (Gutenberg, Wikisource)
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (Gutenberg)
• Jokes and their Relations to the Unconscious
Totem and Taboo (Gutenberg, Wikisource)
Beyond the Pleasure Principle (Bartleby)
• The Future of an Illusion
• Civilization and its Discontents


Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951)
• Biography (Wikipedia, SEP, IEP)
• Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (UMass, Hypertext, LibriVox)
• Philosophical Investigations (Gormendizer)
• Wittgenstein and the Philosophical Investigations (Routledge Philosophy Guide, pdf)
• Wittgenstein’s Lectures on Philosophy (MIA)
• Commentary on Philosophical Investigations (Lois Shawver)


Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)
• Biography (EGS, SEP, IEP)


Walter Benjamin (1892-1940)
• Biography (EGS, SEP)
The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, 1936 (MIA)Dhfkdfidfoif
On the Concept of History, 1940 (MIA)


Eric Fromm (1900-1980)
• Biography (ericfromm.net, infed)


Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002)
• Biography (EGS, SEP, IEP)


Jacques Lacan (1901-1981)
• Biography (EGS, SEP, IEP, richardwebster)


Theodor W. Adorno (1903-1969)
• Biography (EGS, SEP, IEP, MIA)
The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception, 1944 (MIA)


Jean-Paul Satre (1905-1980)
• Biography (IEP, SEP, MIA)


Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-2009)
• Biography (EGS, philosophers.co.uk)


Roland Barthes (1915-1980)
• Biography (EGS)
Elements of Semiology, 1964 (MIA)
The Death of the Author (deathoftheautor, Brown Wiki)


Jean-Francois Lyotard (1924-1998)
• Biography (EGS, IEP)


Gilles Deleuze (1925-1995) and Felix Guattari (1930-1992)
• Deleuze biography (EGS, IEP, SEP)
• Guattari biography (EGS)


Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
• Biography (EGS, IEP, SEP)


Noam Chomsky (1928 – )
• Biography (Szabo, Garland, Gale, Hornstein)
Chomsky Debates (chomsky.info)


Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007)
• Biography (EGS, SEP)


Jurgen Habermas (1929 – )
• Biography (EGS, SEP)


Jacques Derrida (1930-2004)
• Biography (EGS, IEP, SEP, NYBooks)
Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences (Hydra)


Richard Rorty (1931-2007)
• Biography (IEP, SEP, UCP, ProspectMag)


Fredric Jameson (1934- )
• Biography (Kellner, Wikipedia)


Alain Badiou (1937 – )
• Biography (EGS, Wikipedia, CeasefireMag)


Julia Kristeva (1941 – )
• Biography (EGS, Wikipedia)
Interview (exberliner)


Slavoj Zizek (1949 – )
• Biography (EGS, IEP, philosophers.co.uk)



Philosophy Links & Resources

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP)

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: A Peer-Reviewed Academic Resource (IEP)

Philosophy on the EServer (with cannonical philosophic texts and links)

Marxist Internet Archive

The Existential Primer

Everything Postmodern

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